Last edited by Nezuru
Thursday, February 13, 2020 | History

4 edition of History of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company (1652 to 1795) found in the catalog.

History of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company (1652 to 1795)

Theal, George McCall

History of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company (1652 to 1795)

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Published by Swan Sonnenschein in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • South Africa -- History -- To 1836.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby George M"Call Theal.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination6 microfiches (263 fr.) :$bmaps.
    Number of Pages263
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18889701M
    ISBN 100665496265

    How's that for double dealing? The descendants of unions between the Dutch settlers and the Khoi-San and Malay slaves became known officially as the Cape Coloureds and the Cape Malaysrespectively. Inwith the support of a majority of Afrikaners who constituted about 60 percent of the white electoratethe NP won the election on its apartheid platform. The goods brought home would be liquidated on the ship's return. Most Europeans still regarded the settlement as a pit stop.

    The government could "list," or ban, individuals, preventing them from attending public meetings, prohibiting them from belonging to certain organizations, and subjecting them to lengthy periods of house arrest. Sotho -speakers know this period as the difaqane " forced migration " ; Zulu -speakers call it the mfecane "crushing". Second, the point is not to condemn the present Dutch nation for the sins of the past, as if these were unique world historical events. They got involved in more than one battle, helped shape governments, had a hand in building Cambridge University, and helped create more than one nation, including America, while supposedly working for the British. By the 18th century the company had changed from a commercial shipping enterprise to a loose territorial organization interested in the agricultural produce of the Indonesian archipelago.

    Bartholomeu Dias explored the continent further southwards and in unknowingly sailed round the Cape. The response of the unemployed is to move away from the coast, into vast open expanses sparsely occupied by Khoikhoi and San tribes. For most blacks, lack of access to the vote meant that they could not organize an effective political party. Thus, white settlement expanded across the region, but almost entirely into areas with few local inhabitants.


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History of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company book

The discovery of minerals in the late nineteenth century--diamonds in and gold in dramatically altered the economic and political structure of southern Africa. Tensions over loss of pastures between and resulted in open conflict in the first Khoi-Dutch war from During their trading, they employed many private tradesmen as well.

In the aftermath of the shooting, which attracted worldwide condemnation, the government banned the ANC, the Pan-Africanist Congress PACand other organizations opposed to apartheid; withdrew from the British Commonwealth of Nations; and, after a referendum among white voters only, declared South Africa a republic.

The Khoikhoi stopped trading with the Dutch[ citation needed ], and the Cape and the VOC had to import Dutch farmers to establish farms to supply the passing ships as well as to supply the growing VOC settlement.

Education was to be provided according to the roles that people were expected to play in society. It is considered to be the first ever multinational company. Jan Pieterszoon Coen, oil painting, 17th century.

The Dutch church or 'Kruiskerk' at Batavia. When European ships landed on the shores of Table Bay they came into contact with Khoikhoi.

Cape Colony

In the beginning, these ideas prejudiced Janssens and De Mist against slave-owners and the attitudes of colonials to indigenous peoples, but after their journeys into the interior, they modified their views somewhat. Throughout the s, s, and s, the Afrikaner nationalist movement grew in popularity, fueled by fears of black competition for jobs, by antipathy toward the English-speaking mine magnates, by the memory of past suffering, and by the impact of World War II especially massive black urbanization.

In response, the stadtholder, who had taken up residence in England, issued the Kew Lettersordering colonial governors to surrender to the British. Initially, they continued to import African slaves to meet the labor needs of white farmers, and they did not interfere with the farmers' harsh treatment of black workers.

This Dutch East India Company was the beginning of something massive. Toward the end of the 18th century the company became corrupt and seriously in debt. Since they had rapidly grown to be the largest trade on the sea, this was not hard to do.

The town developed largely as a result of developments that took place both in Europe prior to the establishment of the refreshment station at the Cape.

In their frustration, inthey declare Graaff-Reinet an independent Boer republic. Slavery De Mist wanted to free all slaves from birth. The growing influence of the British and the French who also had interests in the Indian Ocean posed a danger that they might lay claim to the Cape because of its strategic location before the Dutch.

During the 18th century the colony's territory expands more dramatically than its population, for a reason directly connected with the reliance on slaves. However, this government charter secured the VOC more than a trade monopoly: it gave the VOC the power to colonise whichever territory it desired and enslaving the indigenous people according to market requirements and VOC political imperatives.

Jan van Riebeeck Image source The region of the Western Cape which includes the Table Bay area where the modern city of Cape Town is located was inhabited by Khoikhoi pastoralists who used it seasonally as pastures for their cattle.

They were ordered to sell their produce to the company and forbidden to trade with the Khoikhoi. Sotho -speakers know this period as the difaqane " forced migration " ; Zulu -speakers call it the mfecane "crushing".The site describes the fascinating history of geographical discoveries and the early colonial empires, with particular reference to the Portuguese and Dutch trading settlements in Asia, Africa and America, but without missing information and historical curiosities related to the other colonialisms.

The Dutch East India Company (VOC, Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie), founded in and liquidated inwas the largest and most impressive of the early modern European trading companies operating in Asia. About twenty-five million pages of VOC records have survived in repositories in Jakarta, Colombo, Chennai, Cape Town, and The Hague.

Although they governed for three years only, their enlightened administration of the Cape was a great improvement upon the rule of the Dutch East India Company, which had lasted from to Commissioner-General J.A.

de Mist and the Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, Lieutenant-General J.W. Janssens, sponsored development and reforms. Jul 27,  · History of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company, to by Theal, George McCall, Pages: Get this from a library!

History of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company, to [George McCall Theal]. Dutch East India Company A company founded by the Dutch in the early 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout Asia. Richer and more powerful than England's company, they drove out the English and Established dominance over the region.